Damiana—aphrodisiac?

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Posted by admin | Posted in Damiana | Posted on 18-06-2010

Turnera diffusa (formerly T aphrodisiaca) is of the Turneraceae family.

A small aromatic shrub native to the northwest desert region of Mexico.  It is also found in the desert southwest of the United States and in many parts of South America.  Its leaves are ovate, smooth and pale green on the upper side and smooth on the undersides except for a few hairs on the ribs.  They are less than an inch long with a distinct aroma. The flowers are yellow, arising singly from axila of the leaves followed by a one-celled capsule splitting into three pieces.  The flower has an aromatic smell with a bitterish taste.

Damiana requires a dry soil in a warm sunny sheltered position. It is possible that, while the plant will be cut back to the ground by cold weather, the rootstock is hardier and will re-sprout in the spring. Sow seeds in spring in a greenhouse. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots once they are large enough to handle and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in early summer and give some protection from winter cold for at least their first winter outdoors.  Division can be done in spring or autumn.  Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame. The leaves are harvested when the herb is in flower in summer.

Aztec legend states that damiana was a powerful aphrodisiac. The Mayans called it mizibcoc and used it in the treatment of giddiness and loss of balance. It is still made into a popular alcoholic drink in Mexico, where it is widely recognized as an aphrodisiac.  The scientific literature on this plant dates back more than 100 years when reports described its aphrodisiac effects.  In spite of the numerous anecdotal reports of both aphrodisiac and hallucinogenic effects there are no studies that verify them.  It is used to flavor a liquor made in Guadalajara called Damiana.

As an aphrodisiac, damiana works by sending blood to the genital area.  It must be used consistently for several weeks before an effect is noticed.  The leaf is infused to treat sexual trauma, frigidity, and impotence. It also clears the kidneys, helps the digestion, relieves constipation, and benefits lung problems and coughs.  Steep two teaspoons of leaf per cup of water for 20 minutes.  Take ¼  cup four times a day.  Or take 1-5 capsules of the herb by itself.

Due to its testosterogenic quality, damiana has always been seen as an herb for men, helpful in treating premature ejaculation and impotence.  It works well in combination with saw palmetto berry and/or ginseng and was used that way by Native Americans for this purpose.

It is a blood purifier with many of the same properties as parsley.  Its essential oil is irritating to mucous membranes, increasing the production while decreasing the thickness of fluids produced by these membranes and may account for its success as a diuretic, laxative, blood purifier and expectorant.      The effect is most pronounced in the reproductive and urinary systems.  It’s used in the treatment of urinary infections such as cystitis and urethritis due to the constituent arbutin, which is converted into hydroquinone, a strong urinary antiseptic, in the urinary tubules.

It is a relaxing nervine and tonic with an affinity for nervous system problems that affect the reproductive system.  It works by increasing blood flow, blood oxygenation, and energy in the affected area while it relaxes the whole person.  It is also used for debility, depression and lethargy.  It has mild laxative properties.  It has traditionally been used to treat coughs, colds, enuresis, nephritis, headaches and dysmenorrhea.  It is a popular cure in Mexico for hangover.

Homeopathic Uses: Homeopaths use damiana for impotency, nervous prostration that leads to sexual debility, incontinence in the aged, prostatic discharge, and menstrual irregularity in the young.

Too much damiana can cause insomnia and headaches.

For rituals, Damiana is worn, burned, drunk, and carried to promote lust.  It is especially potent when placed in something red.  For a meditation incense combine bay leaves, sandalwood and damiana.  Burn a little at a time; do not set too much smoldering on the coals directly before going into meditation.  Damiana should ideally be stored with a piece of quartz, and an oil of this herb is said to be the best for the protection of the crystal.  Solitary practitioners work with damiana to open their charkas and increase their psychic abilities in their quest for a heightened vision.

Recipes:
Cordial of Damiana
Soak 1 oz damiana leaves in 1 pint of vodka for five days.  Pour off the liquid, strain and filter through a coffee filter.  Soak remaining alcohol-drenched leaves in ¾ pint distilled or spring water for another five days.  Pour off the liquids, strain and filter as before.  Warm water extracts to 160F and dissolve ½ -1 cup of honey.  Combine alcoholic and aqueous extractions.  Age for one month.  During the aging a sediment will form as the liqueur clarifies.  The sediment is harmless but you may wish to siphon the clear liqueur from it.  (The Magical & Ritual Use of Herbs)

Moonlighting Tea
2 parts damiana leaves
1 part chamomile flowers
1 pat lemongrass leaves
1 part wild oats
1 part peppermint leaves
1 part rose hips
¼ part jasmine flowers
¼ part sliced fresh organic oranges or tangerines
1/8 part lavender flowers
Combine and cover with boiling water.  Let steep for 15 minutes.  Strain and enjoy 1-3 cups per day (Healing Tonics)

References:
Compendium of Herbal Magick, Paul Beyerl, Phoenix Publishing, 1998; 0-919345-45-X

Ellen Evert Hopman, Destiny, 1995;

The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants, Andrew Chevallier, Dorling Kindersley, 1997, ISBN: 0-7894-1067-2

Healing Tonics Jeanine Pollack, Storey Books, 2000; ISBN: 1-58017-240-7

Herbal Defense, Robyn Landis, Warner Books, 1997, ISBN: 0-446-67242-4

Herbal Remedies for Women, Amada McQuade Crawford, Prima, 1997; ISBN: 0-7615-0980-1

The Magical & Ritual Use of Herbs, Richard Alan Miller, Healing Arts Press

Magical Herbalism, Scott Cunningham, Llewellyn, 1982; ISBN: 0-87542-120-2

Male Herbal, James Green, Crossing Press, 1991; ISBN: 0-89594-458-8

The Master Book of Herbalism, Paul Beyerl, Phoenix, 1984; ISBN: 0-919345-53-0

The New Age Herbalist, Richard Mabey, Collier Books, 1988, ISBN: 0-02-063350-5

Nutritional Herbology, Mark Pedersen, Wenddell W Whitman, 1994; ISBN: 1-885653-03-4

Planetary Herbology, Michael Tierra, Lotus Press, 1988; ISBN: 0-41-524272

The Review of Natural Products, July 1996

HERBALPEDIA™ is brought to you by The Herb Growing & Marketing Network, PO Box 245, Silver Spring, PA 17575-0245; 717-393-3295; FAX: 717-393-9261; email: herbworld@aol.com    URL: http://www.herbalpedia.com Editor: Maureen Rogers.  Copyright 2010.  All rights reserved.   Material herein is derived from journals, textbooks, etc. THGMN cannot be held responsible for the validity of the information contained in any reference noted herein, for the misuse of information or any adverse effects by use of any stated material presented.

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And the rest of the catnip story

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Posted by admin | Posted in Uncategorized | Posted on 17-06-2010

Catnip has long been used medicinally as a tea, juice, tincture, infusion and poultice. Catnip tea is used for headaches, stomachaches, colic and sleeplessness in children. It has also been used to treat cancer, insanity, nervousness, nightmare, scurvy and tuberculosis, while a root extract served as a mild stimulant. Drinking two cups of catnip tea a day could significantly reduce the likelihood of developing cataracts. Catnip has been employed orally to treat colic, diarrhea, flatulence, hiccups, whooping cough, the common cold, measles and chicken pox (reduces the eruptions), asthma, yellow fever, scarlet fever, smallpox, jaundice and to induce parturition and encourage menstruation. Poultices were used for hives, sore breasts of nursing mothers and to reduce swelling. A poultice of catnip and other herbs was employed to treat aching teeth in the Ozark Mountains. A tincture makes a good friction rub for rheumatic and arthritic joints and, as an ointment, to treats hemorrhoids. Catnip was sometimes smoked to relieve respiratory ailments. The fresh leaves can also be chewed for headache and as a remedy for toothache. It is an old home remedy for colds, nervous tension, fevers and nightmare. It is diaphoretic and antispasmodic. Fresh catnip leaves are preferred for infusion or tincture.

The Chinese consider it bitter, cold and spicy. They use it to harmonize the liver, nerves and lungs, and in the case of nervous tension due to too much emotional upheaval. For overexcited children, they recommend a mixture, in equal parts , of catnip, chamomile and lemon balm tea.

Dosage: The tincture dose is 30-40 drops 3 times a day. The infusion is taken cold as a tonic or hot as a fever remedy, 1-2 cups daily.
Combinations: Use with boneset, elder, yarrow or cayenne in colds

REMEDIES:
Diarrhea Tea: 3 cups water, 1 tsp catnip leaves, ½ tsp each raspberry or blackberry leaves, slippery elm bark and peppermint leaves, ½ tsp cinnamon bark powder. Combine ingredients and water in a saucepan. Bring mixture to a simmer, then remove it from heat. Steep for 15 minutes, then strain out herbs. For a 50 pound child, give 1 cup every half-hour until the symptoms go away.

Calming Tea: ½ tsp each catnip leaves, chamomile flowers, passionflower leaves and lemon balm leaves; ¼ tsp peppermint leaves, 2 cups water. Place herbs and water in a saucepan and bring to a simmer. Remove from heat, steep for 15 minutes and strain out herbs. Give this tea freely, as needed.

Ray’s Warming Winter Brew
2 parts fresh lemon balm, catnip, sage, thyme and grated fresh gingerroot, 1 part fresh or dried rose hips, ½ part licorice root. Measure out ½ -1 cup of dried herbs per quart of boiling water. If using fresh herbs, double the amount of plant material. Combine the herbs in a pt. Pour 1 quart of boiling water over the herbs. Stir well, cover, and steep for 15-20 minutes.

Toxicity: No evidence of harmful effects from catnip consumption.

Ritual Use: Gender: cold, Planet: Venus; Element: Water; Associated Deity: Bast and Sekmet; Basic powers: love, animal contacts; Specific Uses: use in love sachets and incenses, especially with rose petals. It has some history as a charm to cure barrenness and may yet be used to bring fertility either to one’s magick or to one’s womb. Catnip is also corresponded with all four Nine cards in tarot’s minor arcane. A mixture of catnip with dragon’s blood is used as an incense to be used to rid one’s self of a behavioral problem or other bad habits. To eliminate a serious defect or stop an alienating addiction, burn dried catnip and bloodroot. Write on a piece of paper the condition you want to get rid of and throw the paper into the fire. At the same time, invoke the name of a protective spirit.

Seeking New Love: Soak catnip in good whiskey overnight, ideally in the light of the Full Moon. Strain it out and sprinkle the liquid on your doorstep for 21 days in the shape of a new crescent moon.

Spell for Warriors: Chew on the fresh herb for courage, daring, fierceness and protection

Cosmetic Uses: It is effective in removing dandruff from the scalp, the decoction being rubbed well into the head wile a catnip rinse will impart a healthy gloss to the hair.

Dandruff Rinse: Gather a handful of catnip leaves and tops when in bloom, place in a pan and add 1 pint of boiling water. Let stand until cool, then massage into the scalp for several minutes and rinse off with warm water containing a little lemon juice.

Pet Uses: The effect the herb produces on cats includes sniffing, licking and chewing with head shaking, chin and cheek rubbing and body rubbing. Other members of the cat family experience this catnip response which lasts for 15 minutes to an hour. This response has been found to be inherited as an autosomal dominant gene. About one-third of domestic cats do not enjoy the pleasurable effects of catnip. The effects are not achieved by chewing the plant, rather they are induced by smelling the herb, and the plant must be crushed, bruised or broken to release the chemicals responsible for the effect.

This is an excellent herb to consider for a high-strung animal with a nervous stomach, especially if episodes of vomiting are precipitated by stressful events. Administer 12-20 drops of a glycerin-based catnip tincture for every 20 lbs of an animal’s body weight, 10-20 minutes prior to being subjected to stressful circumstances. For travel or other prolonged periods of stress, the tincture can be added to the animal’s drinking water—12 drops per 8 oz of water is a good starting dosage.

Culinary Uses: The flowers of all catnips are edible, each with subtly different flavors. The lemon catmint does have a mint/thyme/lemon flavor and complements fish dishes. The cultivar Citriodora has a mild lemon aroma that is more appealing to most people for culinary purposes. The whole flower is edible. When preparing the flowers for use in a recipe, remove any green bits or the flavor will be impaired as the leaves and stem have a more powerful flavor.

Fresh or dried leaves and young shoots are sometimes used for flavoring sauces, soups and cooked food. The leaves can be rubbed on meat for flavoring or candied with egg white and sugar to serve as after dinner mints.

Recipes:
Eggplant with Catnip

1 lb eggplant
2 oz butter
½ oz fresh catnip, finely chopped
Wash the eggplant and remove the ends. Slice and sauté in butter in a heavy frying pan. Season, then cover and simmer until tender, ensuring that both sides are properly cooked. Before serving, sprinkle with catnip. (The Illustrated Book of Herbs)

Catnip Flower Biscuits
4 oz butter
2 oz caster sugar
6 oz self-raising flour
pinch of salt
1 Tbsp catnip flowers, divided into individual florets
Preheat oven to 450°F. Cream the sugar and butter together until light and fluffy, fold in the flour and salt. Knead into a dough. Roll out and scatter the flowers over the dough and lightly roll in. Make into any shape of your choice with a cutter. Place on a greased baking sheet. Bake for 10-12 minutes. Cool on a wire tray. (Good Enough to Eat)

Grapefruit and Catnip Dessert
2 medium grapefruit
4 oz caster sugar
1 tsp fresh catnip, chopped
1 ½ pint cold water
Peel off the grapefruit rind very thinly, taking care to avoid the white pith. Put into a blender. Remove pith and discard. Coarsely chop the grapefruit flesh and add to the blender with the caster sugar, catnip leaves and cold water. Blend until the mixture is light green. Strain into stemmed glasses and refrigerate until well chilled. Garnish with a red currant leaf or a sprig of catnip. (The Illustrated Book of Herbs)

Conserve of Catnip
Strip the flowers from their stems, weigh them and to every pound of the flowers take 2 lbs of loaf sugar. Crush it, and beat it gradually into the flowers in a mortar. When thoroughly incorporated, pot and tie down for use.

Potato Salad with Pink and Blue Catnip Flowers
2 lb potatoes
½ pint mayonnaise
2 Tbsp mixed catnip flowers, divided into individual florets.
Peel the potatoes and cut into chunks. Put into a pan of boiling water and cook for 10-15 minutes, until firm but not raw. Drain and cool. Cut up into small chunks. Empty mayonnaise into a bowl and stir in one Tbsp of mixed catnip flowers. Add the potatoes and coat thoroughly. Cover and chill in the refrigerator, scatter on the remaining catnip flowers. (Good Enough to Eat)

For your cat:
Hocus Pocus’s Magically Moist Morsels

½ lb ground beef
1 small carrot, finely grated
1 Tbsp grated cheese
1 tsp brewer’s yeast
1 tsp dried catnip
½ cup whole wheat bread crumbs
1 egg, beaten
1 Tbsp tomato paste
Preheat the oven to 350F. In a medium-sized bowl, combine the ground beef, carrot, cheese, brewer’s yeast, catnip and bread crumbs. Add the egg and tomato paste and mix well. Using your hands, roll the mixture into walnut-sized meatballs and place on a lightly greased cookie sheet. Bake for about 15 minutes until the meatballs are brown and firm. Cool the meatballs completely before storing in an airtight container in the refrigerator. These freeze well. Makes about 2 dozen. Serve to cat at room temperature or slightly warmed in the microwave. (Cat Nips! Feline Cuisine)

References:
Cat Nips! Feline Cuisine, Rick & Martha Reynolds, 1992; Berkely, ISBN: 0-425-13512-8
Cosmetics from the Earth, Roy Genders, Alfred van der Marck Editions, 1985; ISBN: 0-912383-20-8
Culinary Herbs, Ernest Small, NRC Research Press, 1997, ISBN: 0-660-16668-2
The Element Encyclopedia of 5000 Spells, Judika Illes, HarperElement, 2004: ISBN: 0-00-774987-2
The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants, Andrew Chevallier, Dorling Kindersley, 1997; ISBN: 0-7894-1067-2
Good Enough to Eat, Jekka McVikar, Kyle Cathie, Ltd., 1997; ISBN: 1-85626-227-8
Healing Tonics, Jeanine Pollack, Storey, 2000; ISBN: 1-58017-240-4
Herbal Delights, Mrs. C.F. Leyel, Gramercy, 1986; ISBN: 0-517-62515-6
Herbal Renaissance, Steven Foster, Gibbs-Smith Publisher, 1993; ISBN: 0-87905-523-5
Herbs for Health and Healing, Kathi Keville, Rodale, 1997; ISBN: 0-87596-293-9
Herbs for Pets, Mary L. Wulff-Tilford & Gregory Tilford, BowTie, 1999; ISBN: 1-889540-46-3
The Illustrated Book of Herbs, Gilda Daisley, American Nature Society Press, 1982; ISBN: 0-517-40027-8
Magical Herbalism, Scott Cunningham, Llewellyn, 1982; ISBN: 0-87542-120-2
Medicine Grove, Loren Cruden, Destiny Books, 1997; ISBN: 0-89281-647-3
Wild Medicinal Plants, Anny Schneider, Stackpole Books, 1999; ISBN: 0-8117-2987-7

Resources:
Companion Plants, www.companionplants.com plants, seed
Crimson Sage, http://www.crimson-sage.com Plants
The Rosemary House, www.therosemaryhouse.com tincture
Wood Violet Herb Farm, www.woodvioletherbfarm.com

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